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  • Author or Editor: Andrew Tarnaris x
  • By Author: Edwards, Richard J. x
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Andrew Tarnaris, Richard J. Edwards, Stephen P. Lowis and Ian K. Pople

✓The authors report on the case of a diffuse pontine glioma in a 5-year-old boy in whom radiologically and cytologically occult leptomeningeal metastases led to the development of an atypical “external” hydrocephalus, associated with grossly elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Initial neuroimaging demonstrated only mild communicating ventricular dilation associated with a noticeable enlargement of the subarachnoid space, particularly over the surface of the frontal lobes; these features are not usually associated with significantly elevated ICP. Possible pathophysiological mechanisms resulting in this unusual clinical presentation are discussed. Early recognition of the severity of the raised ICP despite the paucity of clinical and radiological signs may have averted the development of blindness due to optic atrophy.

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Andrew Tarnaris, Richard J. Edwards, Stephen P. Lowis and Ian K. Pople

✓The authors report on the case of a diffuse pontine glioma in a 5-year-old boy in whom radiologically and cytologically occult leptomeningeal metastases led to the development of an atypical “external” hydrocephalus, associated with grossly elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Initial neuroimaging demonstrated only mild communicating ventricular dilation associated with a noticeable enlargement of the subarachnoid space, particularly over the surface of the frontal lobes; these features are not usually associated with significantly elevated ICP. Possible pathophysiological mechanisms resulting in this unusual clinical presentation are discussed. Early recognition of the severity of the raised ICP despite the paucity of clinical and radiological signs may have averted the development of blindness due to optic atrophy.