✓ A technique is described for closure of lumbosacral myelomeningoceles. The pathological anatomy of these lesions is examined, and the junction of the skin and dura is identified as the “junctional zone.” This zone permits maximal preservation of the available dura for watertight closure after operative dissection. The junctional zone also serves as an anchor for traction sutures, permitting skin closure without tension. Seventy consecutive repairs have been completed by the authors without significant complications. There have been no instances of cerebrospinal fluid leaks, meningitis, or wound dehiscence. In all cases the repair was carried out rapidly and in a single stage.
William R. Cheek, John P. Laurent and David A. Cech
Lance H. Perling, John P. Laurent and William R. Cheek
✓ Centripetal fat deposition is a well-recognized consequence of excessive use of corticosteroids, either endogenous or exogenous. Recently, several patients receiving large doses of corticosteroids have suffered compressive myelopathies due to excessive epidural fat collections, labeled “epidural lipomatosis.” Two of these have been children, and a third child is reported here. This child was receiving chronic steroids for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis when he presented with such a myelopathy, which was confirmed by metrizamide computerized tomography myelography as well as by surgical exploration. Histological examination revealed that the epidural tissue was a brown-fat tumor or “hibernoma.” An epidural hibernoma has not been described previously. The histological and endocrine features of fat in Cushing's syndrome are discussed, and the literature concerning hibernoma and epidural lipomatosis is reviewed.