Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 1 of 1 items for

  • Author or Editor: Bradley E. Weprin x
  • By Author: Borchers, D. John x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

R. Tyler Frizzell, Yves J. Meyer, D. John Borchers, Bradley E. Weprin, Elizabeth C. Allen, W. Rene Pogue, John S. Reisch, Alan D. Cherrington and H. Hunt Batjer

✓ The effects of etomidate, a nonbarbiturate cerebral metabolic depressant, on cerebral metabolism and blood flow were studied in 29 dogs during cerebral hypoperfusion. Three groups of animals were studied during a 45-minute normotensive and a 30-minute hypotensive period: 10 control animals without etomidate, 11 animals receiving a 0.1-mg/kg etomidate bolus followed by an infusion of 0.05 mg/kg/min etomidate (low-dose group), and eight animals receiving doses of etomidate sufficient to suppress electroencephalographic bursts (high-dose group). The mean arterial pressure fell to similar levels (p < 0.05) during hypotension in all three groups (40 ± 5, 38 ± 3, and 27 ± 6 mm Hg, respectively). The mean cerebral oxygen extraction fraction rose (p < 0.05) from 0.23 ± 0.02 to 0.55 ± 0.08 in the five control animals tested and from 0.33 ± 0.02 to 0.53 ± 0.02 in the seven animals tested in the low-dose group, but did not increase (p > 0.05) in the four animals tested in the high-dose group (0.24 ± 0.03 to 0.23 ± 0.05). Mean cerebral blood flow levels decreased in all groups during hypotension (p < 0.05): 42 ± 3 to 21 ±4 ml/100 gm/min (52% ± 12% decrease) in the five animals tested in the control group, 60 ± 8 to 24 ± 6 ml/100 gm/min (56% ± 13% decrease) in the four animals tested in the low-dose group, and 55 ± 8 to 22 ± 3 ml/100 gm/min (60% ± 4% decrease) in the four animals tested in the high-dose group. In summary, the cerebral oxygen extraction fraction increased in the control animals and low-dose recipients during hypotension, suggesting the presence of threatened cerebral tissue. In contrast, the cerebral oxygen extraction did not change during hypotension when high-dose etomidate was administered. It is concluded that high-dose etomidate may preserve the cerebral metabolic state during hypotension in the present model.