✓ The authors report on a study of eight cases of intracranial plasmacytoma to identify the risk of progression to multiple myeloma and suggest the treatment required for cure of solitary lesions. The diagnosis of multiple myeloma or myelomatous changes was made in the immediate postoperative period in four patients (50%), two of whom had skull base lesions. Of the four remaining patients, three were treated with complete surgical resection and radiation therapy and had no recurrence of plasmacytoma or progression to multiple myeloma during mean follow up of 12 years (range 2–25 years); one patient underwent subtotal surgical resection and had recurrence of the tumor despite radiation therapy.
It is concluded that multiple myeloma is unlikely to develop during the long term in patients with intracranial plasmacytoma who do not develop multiple myeloma or myelomatous changes in the early postoperative period. However, lesions that infiltrate the skull base are not likely to be solitary, and patients who harbor these neoplasms should undergo complete evaluation and close follow-up review to exclude multiple myeloma. A recurrence of solitary intracranial plasmacytoma is possible with subtotal surgical resection despite radiation therapy. Definitive treatment should consist of complete surgical resection with adjuvant radiation therapy.