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Matthew J. McGirt, Theodore Speroff, Robert S. Dittus, Frank E. Harrell Jr. and Anthony L. Asher

categorized with a much more granular diagnosis classification scheme. Surgeons do not treat back pain per se but operate on only a small subset of patients with conditions amenable to surgical intervention. Even then, surgery is pursued in patients with chronic spine conditions only after failure of nonsurgical management. Patients differ by condition severity, natural history, response to nonsurgical and surgical treatment, and preference. Thus, 2 patients with an identical diagnosis (MRI findings and symptoms) may have completely different natural histories, treatment

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Matthew J. McGirt, Theodore Speroff, Saniya Siraj Godil, Joseph S. Cheng, Nathan R. Selden and Anthony L. Asher

have been most widely used as disease-specific measures for back pain. They have been validated in several long-term studies and have been found to be reliable and responsive to meaningful change. 25 In a recent systematic review, Chapman et al. 12 analyzed randomized clinical trials utilizing outcome instruments for the measurement of treatment success for chronic low-back pain. They demonstrated ODI to be the most commonly used and responsive measure for assessing outcomes after treatment for chronic back pain. 7 , 18 , 19 , 22 , 28 , 31 , 34–36 Although some

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34 3 Cranial Nerve Surgery A5 A6 Copyright held by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. You may not sell, republish, or systematically distribute any published materials without written permission from JNSPG. 2013 Introduction: GRASSP was developed to capture subtle changes in neurological impairment of the upper extremity after cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) during the acute, sub-acute, and chronic phases. Psychometric properties of reliability and validity are well established. Responsiveness testing is required to

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Zoher Ghogawala, Christopher I. Shaffrey, Anthony L. Asher, Robert F. Heary, Tanya Logvinenko, Neil R. Malhotra, Stephen J. Dante, R. John Hurlbert, Andrea F. Douglas, Subu N. Magge, Praveen V. Mummaneni, Joseph S. Cheng, Justin S. Smith, Michael G. Kaiser, Khalid M. Abbed, Daniel M. Sciubba and Daniel K. Resnick

, Andersson G , Arnold PM , Dettori J , Cahana A , Fehlings MG , : Chronic low back pain: a heterogeneous condition with challenges for an evidence-based approach . Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36 : 21 Suppl S1 – S9 , 2011 6 Gallagher EJ , Liebman M , Bijur PE : Prospective validation of clinically important changes in pain severity measured on a visual analog scale . Ann Emerg Med 38 : 633 – 638 , 2001 7 Ghogawala Z , Benzel EC , Amin-Hanjani S , Barker FG II , Harrington JF , Magge SN , : Prospective outcomes evaluation

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Surgeons. You may not sell, republish, or systematically distribute any published materials without written permission from JNSPG. 2014 Introduction Objectives of health care reform highlight reducing costs and improving patient outcomes. Of particular interest are spinal surgeries, often performed on chronic back pain patients unresponsive to non-operative care. The patient experience is important and we investigate which factors predict overall patient satisfaction following surgery. The objective of this study is to examine the relationships between patient

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materials without written permission from JNSPG. 2015 Introduction No treatment exists to restore lost brain function after stroke. Animal studies demonstrate that brain transplantation of SB623, a human modified bone marrow derived stromal cell, after experimental stroke can improve neurologic outcome. This clinical study is the first North American trial of intraparenchymal transplantation of bone marrow derived cell therapy for chronic stroke patients. Methods This is a two center open-label safety, dose escalation feasibility study. Stereotactic

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permanent thrombotic and hemorrhagic events. Clopidogrel therapy ≤ 6 months is associated with higher rates of thrombotic events. Loading doses of ASA and clopidogrel were associated with decreased incidence of hemorrhagic events. PFT did not have any significant association with symptomatic events. J Neurosurg Journal of Neurosurgery JNS 0022-3085 1933-0693 American Association of Neurological Surgeons 2015.8.JNS.AANS2015ABSTRACTS Abstract 503. Mini invasive Surgery (craniostomy) for chronic subdural hematoma: Applied Research

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Robert G. Whitmore, Jill N. Curran, Zarina S. Ali, Praveen V. Mummaneni, Christopher I. Shaffrey, Robert F. Heary, Michael G. Kaiser, Anthony L. Asher, Neil R. Malhotra, Joseph S. Cheng, John Hurlbert, Justin S. Smith, Subu N. Magge, Michael P. Steinmetz, Daniel K. Resnick and Zoher Ghogawala

-SD registry: clinical article . J Neurosurg Spine 19 : 555 – 563 , 2013 10 Gold MR , Franks P , McCoy KI , Fryback DG : Toward consistency in cost-utility analyses: using national measures to create condition-specific values . Med Care 36 : 778 – 792 , 1998 11 Hägg O , Fritzell P , Nordwall A : The clinical importance of changes in outcome scores after treatment for chronic low back pain . Eur Spine J 12 : 12 – 20 , 2003 12 Hays RD , Sherbourne CD , Mazel RM : The RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1.0 . Health Econ 2 : 217 – 227

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Silky Chotai, Scott L. Parker, Ahilan Sivaganesan, J. Alex Sielatycki, Anthony L. Asher, Matthew J. McGirt and Clinton J. Devin

.22  NRS-LP 6.5 ± 2.9 6.7 ± 2.8 6.7 ± 3.1 0.96  SF-12 MCS 48.6 ± 12.1 48.5 ± 11.7 48.9 ± 12.5 0.89  SF-12 PCS 26.5 ± 9.2 26.8 ± 9.1 26.3 ± 9.4 0.59  EQ-5D 0.55 ± 0.22 0.55 ± 0.27 0.54 ± 0.21 0.71 CHF = congestive heart failure; COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; MSPQ = modified somatic perception questionnaire; ZSDS = Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. * Data are presented as numbers of patients (%) unless otherwise indicated. Mean values are presented with SDs. † Statistically significant

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Scott L. Parker, Matthew J. McGirt, Kimon Bekelis, Christopher M. Holland, Jason Davies, Clinton J. Devin, Tyler Atkins, Jack Knightly, Rachel Groman, Irene Zyung and Anthony L. Asher

been associated with adverse events, including drug interactions, 154 dangerous starting or cessation of medications for chronic conditions, 14 , 59 , 139 and avoidable hospital readmission. 68 Hospitalization puts patients at high risk for medication errors after discharge at least in part because medication records are often incomplete. 14 , 75 Medication reconciliation postdischarge is, therefore, a critical component of care coordination. Postdischarge medication reconciliation is an important opportunity to catch potentially harmful omissions or changes in