The authors report on a child with known neurofibromatosis Type 1 who developed high-grade diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis, without a known primary glioma. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of the coexistence of these conditions in a child.
James A. J. King, William Halliday, and James M. Drake
James A. J. King, Kurtis I. Auguste, William Halliday, James M. Drake, and Abhaya V. Kulkarni
Hydrocephalus secondary to giant retrocerebellar cysts in infancy is a challenging condition and many treatment options exist. The authors report on 3 consecutive cases involving infants under the age of 6 months treated successfully with ventriculocystostomy in combination with direct hydrocephalus treatment (endoscopic third ventriculostomy or shunt placement). They describe the operative procedure, the surgical morbidity, and outcome in each case and review the literature regarding surgical approaches to this condition.