The authors propose that anterior callosotomy—thought to have some advantages over total callosotomy—is not superior to total callosotomy for prevention of seizure propagation or other complications.
The study comprised 34 patients in whom generalized epilepsy syndrome or frontal lobe seizures with a secondary generalization were diagnosed. Preoperatively, all patients suffered from disabling drop attacks or intense head-drop seizures, and some patients also experienced other types of seizures. The male/female ratio was 22:12, and patients ranged in age between 1 to 19 years (mean 8.7 years). The follow-up period ranged from 1.08 to 5.0 years (mean 2.58 years). Seizure outcome, parental assessment of daily function, and parental satisfaction with the outcome was assessed postoperatively.
After undergoing 1-stage total callosotomy, drop attacks disappeared completely in 25 patients during the follow-up period, and in 6 patients the frequency of drop attacks decreased to < 10% of baseline. With regard to other types of seizures, seizures resolved completely in 12 patients, and in another 18 seizure frequency decreased. Two patients experienced a transient disconnection syndrome for 2 and 4 weeks. One patient experienced ataxic hemiparesis for 3 weeks before it completely abated. The overall daily function of the patients improved, and all parents were satisfied with the surgical outcome.
For pediatric generalized epilepsy syndrome, 1-stage total callosotomy will be the first choice in treatment for controlling generalized seizures.