Although meningiomas are commonly found along the supratentorial convexity, the risk profile associated with this subset of lesions in the modern neurosurgical era is unknown.
The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical course of patients with supratentorial convexity meningiomas treated during the past 10 years. All patients had undergone MR imaging within 72 hours after surgery and at least 1 year of clinical follow-up. Patients with multiple meningiomas, hemangiopericytomas, malignant meningiomas, or tumor-prone syndromes were excluded from analysis.
Between 1997 and 2007, 141 consecutive patients (median age 48 years, range 18–95 years) underwent resection of a supratentorial convexity meningioma. The most common signs or symptoms at presentation were headache (48%), seizures (34%), and weakness (21%). The mean tumor volume was 146.3 cm3 (range 1–512 cm3). There were no intraoperative complications or deaths. Medical or neurosurgical morbidity was noted in the postoperative course of 14 patients, equating to a 10% overall complication rate. Postoperative surgical complications included hematoma requiring evacuation, CSF leakage, and operative site infection. Medical complications included pulmonary embolus and deep vein thrombosis requiring treatment. A Simpson Grade 0 or 1 resection was achieved in 122 patients (87%). One hundred six tumors (75%) were WHO Grade I, whereas 35 (25%) were WHO Grade II. The median clinical follow-up was 2.9 years (range 1–10 years), and the median radiographic follow-up was 3.7 years (range 1–10 years). Six patients (4%) had radiographic evidence of tumor recurrence, with 3 (2%) undergoing repeat resection.
With the conservative recommendations for surgery for asymptomatic meningiomas and the advent of radiosurgery during the past 10 years, microsurgically treated convexity meningiomas are now typically large in size. Nevertheless, the patient's clinical course following microsurgical removal of these lesions is expected to be uncomplicated. The authors' findings provide a defined risk profile associated with the resection of supratentorial convexity meningiomas in the modern neurosurgical era.