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Kristina Bianco, Robert Norton, Frank Schwab, Justin S. Smith, Eric Klineberg, Ibrahim Obeid, Gregory Mundis Jr., Christopher I. Shaffrey, Khaled Kebaish, Richard Hostin, Robert Hart, Munish C. Gupta, Douglas Burton, Christopher Ames, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Themistocles S. Protopsaltis, and Virginie Lafage

456.9 ± 131.1 Incidence of Complications and Site Variability After 3CO surgery, 7% of patients experienced a major IOC, 39% experienced a major POC, and 42% experienced an overall complication. The incidence of each type of major IOC ( Table 2 ) and POC ( Table 3 ) was determined. The most common IOC was spinal cord deficit (2.6%), and the most common POC was unplanned return to the operating room (19.4%). Another significant POC was bowel or bladder dysfunction (6.9%), defined as significant complications of the gastrointestinal or urinary system following

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Emmanuelle Ferrero, Barthelemy Liabaud, Jensen K. Henry, Christopher P. Ames, Khaled Kebaish, Gregory M. Mundis, Richard Hostin, Munish C. Gupta, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Justin S. Smith, Robert A. Hart, Ibrahim Obeid, Bassel G. Diebo, Frank J. Schwab, and Virginie Lafage

significant impact between caudal 3CO and postoperative complications. In terms of specific complication rates, bowel/bladder deficit occurred in 3% (n = 16) of patients, postoperative cauda equina deficit in 0.6% (n = 3), postoperative deep infection in 4% (n = 20), and postoperative unplanned return to the operating room in 10% (n = 48). There were no significant differences in these complication rates based on osteotomy level (p > 0.05). Postoperative motor deficits occurred in 8% (n = 39) of patients, with significantly different rates based on 3CO level (p = 0