Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for

  • Author or Editor: Gregor Antoniadis x
  • User-accessible content x
Clear All Modify Search
Full access

Ralph W. Koenig, Maria T. Pedro, Christian P. G. Heinen, Thomas Schmidt, Hans-Peter Richter, Gregor Antoniadis and Thomas Kretschmer

High-resolution ultrasonography is a noninvasive, readily applicable imaging modality, capable of depicting real-time static and dynamic morphological information concerning the peripheral nerves and their surrounding tissues. Continuous progress in ultrasonographic technology results in highly improved spatial and contrast resolution. Therefore, nerve imaging is possible to a fascicular level, and most peripheral nerves can now be depicted along their entire anatomical course. An increasing number of publications have evaluated the role of high-resolution ultrasonography in peripheral nerve diseases, especially in peripheral nerve entrapment.

Ultrasonography has been shown to be a precious complementary tool for assessing peripheral nerve lesions with respect to their exact location, course, continuity, and extent in traumatic nerve lesions, and for assessing nerve entrapment and tumors. In this article, the authors discuss the basic technical considerations for using ultrasoniography in peripheral nerve assessment, and some of the clinical applications are illustrated.

Free access

Maria Teresa Pedro, Gregor Antoniadis, Angelika Scheuerle, Mirko Pham, Christian Rainer Wirtz and Ralph W. Koenig

The diagnostic workup and surgical therapy for peripheral nerve tumors and tumorlike lesions are challenging. Magnetic resonance imaging is the standard diagnostic tool in the preoperative workup. However, even with advanced pulse sequences such as diffusion tensor imaging for MR neurography, the ability to differentiate tumor entities based on histological features remains limited. In particular, rare tumor entities different from schwannomas and neurofibromas are difficult to anticipate before surgical exploration and histological confirmation. High-resolution ultrasound (HRU) has become another important tool in the preoperative evaluation of peripheral nerves. Ongoing software and technical developments with transducers of up to 17–18 MHz enable high spatial resolution with tissue-differentiating properties. Unfortunately, high-frequency ultrasound provides low tissue penetration. The authors developed a setting in which intraoperative HRU was used and in which the direct sterile contact between the ultrasound transducer and the surgically exposed nerve pathology was enabled to increase structural resolution and contrast. In a case-guided fashion, the authors report the sonographic characteristics of rare tumor entities shown by intraoperative HRU and contrast-enhanced ultrasound.

Full access

Thomas Kretschmer, Gregor Antoniadis, Christian Heinen, Wolfgang Börm, Christian Scheller, Hans-Peter Richter and Ralph W. Koenig

✓In this article the authors attempt to raise awareness of the pitfalls and controversial issues in nerve tumor surgery. In a case-guided format, examples of ambiguous findings, inappropriate tumor removal, repeated surgery, and nerve repairs are provided. The authors also discuss the need to establish a correct diagnosis preoperatively and to avoid the erroneous identification of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). They emphasize that not all of the principles of soft tissue sarcoma treatment protocols are applicable to MPNST. A situation of repeated surgery for supposedly malignant tumor is described, and an outline of the indications for, and an approach to, repair after lesion removal is given.