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Cavum trigeminale cephalocele associated with intracranial hypertension in an 18-month-old child: illustrative case

Giovanni Miccoli, Domenico Cicala, Pietro Spennato, Alessia Imperato, Claudio Ruggiero, and Giuseppe Cinalli

usually incidental, associations with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, headache, trigeminal neuralgia, cranial nerve deficits, vertigo, and tinnitus have been reported. 3 The exact etiology of CTCs remains unclear to date. The most widely accepted theory is that their origin is from increasing intracranial pressure (ICP) causing herniation of the meninges and CSF from the posterolateral region of the Meckel’s cave into the petrous apex. 1 , 5–7 CTCs can be acquired or congenital and either monolateral or bilateral. 8 , 9 They are occasionally described together with