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Calcified chronic subdural hematoma: illustrative case

Rupesh Pakrasi, Payoz Pandey, Srijan Das, Shreya Datta, and Dipti Saha

): 330 – 342 . 10.4103/1793-5482.145102 2 Xiao Z , Chen X , Li K , Zhang Z . Calcified chronic subdural hematoma: a case report and literature review . Transl Neurosc Clin . 2017 ; 3 ( 4 ): 220 – 223 . 10.18679/CN11-6030_R.2017.032 12118221 3 Von Rokitansky C . Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie . Braumüller & Seidel ; 1846 . 4 Dammers R , ter Laak-Poort MP , Maas AI . Neurological picture. Armoured brain: case report of a symptomatic calcified chronic subdural haematoma . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry

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Spinal subdural hematoma from a ventral dural puncture after percutaneous vertebroplasty: illustrative case

Hao-Chien Yang, Heng-Wei Liu, and Chien-Min Lin

Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is a common and efficient procedure for treating vertebral compression fractures. Although often perceived as a minimally invasive low-risk procedure, postoperative complications caused by cement leakages are not uncommon and can lead to either a mild local leakage mass or serious systemic embolic events. 1–5 Spinal subdural hematoma (sSDH) after PVP is a rare complication. 6–8 Clinically, sSDHs can manifest as various nonspecific spinal symptoms and signs, which makes diagnosis difficult. Because no pathognomonic signs of

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Cervical spinal cord compression from subdural hematoma caused by traumatic nerve root avulsion: illustrative case

Alexander T Yahanda, Michelle R Connor, Rupen Desai, David A Giles, Vivek P Gupta, Wilson Z Ray, and Magalie Cadieux

the cervical spine demonstrated what appeared to be a dorsal epidural hematoma spanning from C3 to C6 causing critical spinal canal stenosis ( Fig. 2 ). He was promptly taken to surgery for evacuation of this hematoma. He underwent C3–5 laminectomies, but no epidural blood was visualized after decompression. Moreover, the thecal sac appeared to be distended, particularly on the right side, with areas of dark coloration seen under the dura. Intraoperative ultrasound was used to visualize a subdural hematoma underlying the decompressed levels. FIG. 2 Cervical

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Chronic subdural hematoma associated with type II and type III Galassi arachnoid cysts: illustrative cases

Bac Thanh Nguyen, Van Dinh Tran, Jehan Bista, and Trung Van Trinh

, hydrocephalus, and epileptic seizures. 2 The diagnosis of asymptomatic ACs has increased in recent years due to the extensive utilization of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. 3 Head trauma is one of the most significant risk factors for the development of intracystic hemorrhage in ACs and subsequent subdural hematoma (SDH). However, fewer than 182 cases of spontaneous intracystic hemorrhage have been reported in the literature. 3 , 4 In this report, we present illustrative cases of three young patients who experienced spontaneous AC

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Middle meningeal artery embolization for refractory chronic subdural hematoma in a pediatric victim of nonaccidental trauma: illustrative case

Zsombor T Gal and Alfred P See

meningeal artery embolization for chronic subdural hematoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis . J Neurointerv Surg . 2021 ; 13 ( 10 ): 951 – 957 . 11 Catapano JS , Nguyen CL , Wakim AA , Albuquerque FC , Ducruet AF . Middle meningeal artery embolization for chronic subdural hematoma . Front Neurol . 2020 ; 11 : 557233 . 12 Deora H , Mishra A , Gupta R , Paediatric chronic subdural haematoma: what are the predisposing factors and outcomes in management of these cases? Childs Nerv Syst . 2022 ; 38 ( 1 ): 123 – 132

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Secondary parkinsonism caused by chronic subdural hematomas owing to compressed cortex and a disturbed cortico–basal ganglia–thalamocortical circuit: illustrative case

Masao Fukumura, Sho Murase, Yuzo Kuroda, Kazutomo Nakazawa, and Yasufumi Gon

: Nakazawa, Gon. Study supervision: Nakazawa. Acknowledgments We thank Editage for English-language editing. References 1 Tolosa E , Wenning G , Poewe W . The diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease . Lancet Neurol . 2006 ; 5 ( 1 ): 75 – 86 . 10.1016/S1474-4422(05)70285-4 16217694 2 Samiy E . Chronic subdural hematoma presenting a parkinsonian syndrome . J Neurosurg . 1963 ; 20 : 903 . 10.3171/jns.1963.20.10.0903 16217694 3 Suman S , Meenakshisundaram S , Woodhouse P . Bilateral chronic subdural haematoma: a

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Delayed neurological improvement in a patient with Duret hemorrhage secondary to an acute subdural hematoma: illustrative case

Youngkyung Jung, Yosef Ellenbogen, and Farhad Pirouzmand

secondary to an acute subdural hematoma (SDH), initially with poor neurological function and initially stationary postoperative neurological change followed by spontaneous improvement 3 weeks later. Illustrative Case We present the case of a 65-year-old male who was found to be unconscious by his family and brought to the hospital. The mechanism of injury was unclear. The patient was otherwise healthy and did not take any anticoagulants/antiplatelets. Noncontrast computed tomography (CT) of the head revealed an acute left-sided SDH with midline shift and uncal

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Traumatic aneurysm at the superior cerebellar artery: illustrative case

Mun-Chun Yeap, Meng-Wu Chung, and Chun-Ting Chen

convexity and tentorium. Surgery was not indicated then because of no neurological deficit. However, he had persistent left-sided headache. Ten days later, sudden unbearable headache, nausea, vomiting, and gradual decrease level of consciousness were noted. His Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score was E2V3M5. CT revealed an increased amount of hyperdense subdural hematoma. He received emergency craniotomy for hematoma evacuation. Postoperatively, he regained clear consciousness but still complained of frequent headache. Repeat CT on postoperative day 2 showed residual subdural

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Infantile traumatic pericallosal aneurysm: illustrative case

Zachary S Hubbard, Conor M Cunningham, Brian F Saway, Matthew J Triano, Aaron T Miller, Guilherme Porto, Libby Kosnik Infinger, and Alejandro M Spiotta

Nonaccidental trauma (NAT) is a leading cause of infantile injury and death in the United States. 1 , 2 An estimated 2.07 children per 100,000 died in the United States as a result of abuse or neglect in 2010. 3 Over 50% of all fatalities resulting from child abuse occur in those under the age of 12 months. 4 Abusive head trauma is most commonly characterized by skull fracture, subdural hematoma (SDH), cerebral edema, and retinal hemorrhages. 1 , 5 Traumatic cerebral aneurysms (TCAs) are a rare sequela of abusive head trauma in infants. 6 , 7 The rate

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Tangential cranial gunshot wound in an infant in historical context: illustrative case

Jeffrey Campbell and Joseph Piatt

shooting. A 9-month-old male child had suffered a gunshot wound to the head. In the emergency department there was no eye opening or vocalization and the left pupil was dilated. There was a sagittally oriented 8 cm laceration just to the right of the midline with a bridge of intact scalp at the midpoint, associated with grooving of the underlying calvaria but no penetration ( Fig. 1 ). After immediate intubation, an expedited computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a large, hyperacute, left convexity subdural hematoma with midline shift ( Fig. 2A and B ). There was no