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Modified encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis with bifrontal encephalogaleoperiosteal synangiosis for the treatment of pediatric moyamoya disease

Technical note

Jae Hyo Park, Seung-Yeob Yang, You-Nam Chung, Jeong Eun Kim, Seung-Ki Kim, Dae Hee Han, and Byung-Kyu Cho

as well as in the MCA territory ( Fig. 3B ). F ig . 3. Case 8. A and B: Single-photon emission computed tomography scans obtained after injection of acetazolamide before and after left EDAS with EGPS. Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity in response to the acetazolamide injection is observed preoperatively in both the interhemispheric cortex (line) and left anterior paramedian region of the frontal lobe (A). Significant improvement of cerebrovascular reactivity in the area corresponding to the lesion on preoperative SPECT scans is observed after bifrontal

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Pressure autoregulation monitoring and cerebral perfusion pressure target recommendation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury based on minute-by-minute monitoring data

Clinical article

Bart Depreitere, Fabian Güiza, Greet Van den Berghe, Martin U. Schuhmann, Gottlieb Maier, Ian Piper, and Geert Meyfroidt

high CPP, at the right side of autoregulatory capacity in the CBF-CPP plot, also resulted in a detrimental effect. The current study has a number of limitations. First, LAx and DATACAR have been developed by retrospective data analysis and have not yet been validated in a prospective clinical setting. Second, the presented method is computational. Studying the effect of arteriolar vasoconstriction and vasodilation through its effect on ICP will inevitably include a dampening effect. This is also true for other proposed indices of cerebrovascular reactivity, such as

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Intraoperative middle cerebral artery pressure measurements during superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass procedures in patients with cerebral atherosclerotic disease

Fumihiro Matano, Yasuo Murai, Rokuya Tanikawa, Hiroyasu Kamiyama, Kojiro Tateyama, Tomonori Tamaki, Takayuki Mizunari, Sunao Mizumura, Shiro Kobayashi, Akira Teramoto, and Akio Morita

important that it be avoided following the STA-MCA bypass procedure. Although we know that patients with poorer cerebrovascular reactivity have a higher risk for hyperperfusion syndrome, 34 other predictive factors have not been adequately reported; therefore, we investigated MCA pressure calculated through a single anastomosed branch of the STA during the STA-MCA bypass procedure. To the best of our knowledge, no reports have described a technique for calculating the intraoperative MCA pressure to date. Lee et al. 25 reported on intraoperative MCA and STA flow in

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External carotid artery angioplasty and stenting to augment cerebral perfusion in the setting of subacute symptomatic ipsilateral internal carotid artery occlusion

Case report

Joseph G. Adel, Bernard R. Bendok, Ziad A. Hage, Andrew M. Naidech, Jeffery W. Miller, and H. Hunt Batjer

endarterectomy. A long-term follow-up study . J Neurosurg 23 : 156 – 168 , 1965 10.3171/jns.1965.23.2.0156 30 Nesbit GM , Clark WM , O'Neill OR , Barnwell SL : Intracranial intraarterial thrombolysis facilitated by microcatheter navigation through an occluded cervical internal carotid artery . J Neurosurg 84 : 387 – 392 , 1996 10.3171/jns.1996.84.3.0387 31 Ogasawara K , Ogawa A , Yoshimoto T : Cerebrovascular reactivity to acetazolamide and outcome in patients with symptomatic internal carotid or middle cerebral artery occlusion: a xenon-133

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Regional brain metabolite levels following mild experimental head injury in the cat

Mildred S. Yang, Douglas S. DeWitt, Donald P. Becker, and Ronald L. Hayes

cerebral blood flow after experimental fluid percussion injury of the brain. J Neurosurg 53: 500–511, 1980 10.3171/jns.1980.53.4.0500 16. Lewelt W , Jenkins LW , Miller JD : Effects of experimental fluid-percussion injury of the brain on cerebrovascular reactivity to hypoxia and to hypercapnia. J Neurosurg 56 : 332 – 338 , 1982 Lewelt W, Jenkins LW, Miller JD: Effects of experimental fluid-percussion injury of the brain on cerebrovascular reactivity to hypoxia and to hypercapnia. J Neurosurg 56: 332–338, 1982 10

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Changes of neuropeptide immunoreactivity in cerebrovascular nerve fibers after experimentally produced SAH

Immunohistochemical study in the dog

Yoshihiko Uemura, Tetsuo Sugimoto, Shinichiro Okamoto, Hajime Handa, and Noboru Mizuno

MR, Moskowitz MA: Immunohistochemical evidence for a substance P-containing trigeminovascular pathway to pial arteries in cats. Brain Res 268: 162–166, 1983 10.1016/0006-8993(83)90402-X 19. Lobato RD , Marín J , Salaices M , et al : Cerebrovascular reactivity to noradrenaline and serotonin following experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 53 : 480 – 485 , 1980 Lobato RD, Marín J, Salaices M, et al: Cerebrovascular reactivity to noradrenaline and serotonin following experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage

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Cerebral hyperperfusion following carotid endarterectomy

Torben Schroeder, Henrik Sillesen, Ole Sørensen, and Hans Christian Engell

. Schroeder T : Cerebrovascular reactivity to acetazolamide in carotid artery disease. Enhancement of side-to-side CBF asymmetry indicates critically reduced perfusion pressure. Neurol Res 8 : 231 – 236 , 1986 Schroeder T: Cerebrovascular reactivity to acetazolamide in carotid artery disease. Enhancement of side-to-side CBF asymmetry indicates critically reduced perfusion pressure. Neurol Res 8: 231–236, 1986 10.1080/01616412.1986.11739760 16. Schroeder T , Holstein P , Engell HC : Hyperperfusion following

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Effect of intracisternal antithrombin III on subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced arterial narrowing

Dennis G. Vollmer, Kazuhiro Hongo, Neal F. Kassell, Hisayuki Ogawa, Tetsuya Tsukahara, and R. Michael Lehman

.1161/01.STR.16.4.562 16. Lehman RM , Kassell NF , Nazar GB , et al : Morphometric methods in the study of vasospasm , in Wilkins RH (ed): Cerebral Vasospasm. New York : Raven Press , 1988 , pp 113 – 117 Lehman RM, Kassell NF, Nazar GB, et al: Morphometric methods in the study of vasospasm, in Wilkins RH (ed): Cerebral Vasospasm. New York: Raven Press, 1988, pp 113–117 17. Lobato RD , Marín J , Salaices M , et al : Cerebrovascular reactivity to noradrenalin and serotonin

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Use of an intracranial near-infrared probe for localization during stereotactic surgery for movement disorders

Technical note

Cole A. Giller, Maureen Johns, and Hanli Liu

: Atlas for Stereotaxy of the Human Brain. Stuttgart : Thieme , 1977 , Plates 25–28, 48 Schaltenbrand G, Wahren W: Atlas for Stereotaxy of the Human Brain. Stuttgart: Thieme, 1977, Plates 25–28, 48 10. Smielewski P , Czosnyka M , Pickard JD , et al : Clinical evaluation of near-infrared spectroscopy for testing cerebrovascular reactivity in patients with carotid artery disease. Stroke 28 : 331 – 338 , 1997 Smielewski P, Czosnyka M, Pickard JD, et al: Clinical evaluation of near-infrared spectroscopy for testing cerebrovascular reactivity in

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CO2 reactivity in arteriovenous malformations of the brain: a transcranial Doppler ultrasound study

Antônio A F. De Salles and Iñaki Manchola

cerebrovascular reactivity to hypoxia and to hypercapnia. J Neurosurg 56 : 332 – 338 , 1982 Lewelt W, Jenkins LW, Miller JD: Effects of experimental fluid-percussion injury of the brain on cerebrovascular reactivity to hypoxia and to hypercapnia. J Neurosurg 56: 332–338, 1982 23. Lindegaard KF , Grolimund P , Aaslid R , et al : Evaluation of cerebral AVM's using transcranial Doppler ultrasound. J Neurosurg 65 : 335 – 344 , 1986 Lindegaard KF, Grolimund P, Aaslid R, et al: Evaluation of cerebral AVM's using