✓ Intracranial meningiomas from 51 surgical patients consecutively treated during an 18-month period were evaluated for the presence of receptors to progesterone and estrogen. Thirty-eight patients underwent initial resection during this time and 13 underwent reoperation for recurrent disease. With positivity defined as receptor levels greater than 10 fmol/mg of cytosol protein, 84% of all the meningiomas were positive for progesterone receptors, whereas only 33% were positive for estrogen receptors. Among the recurrent meningiomas, 92% showed evidence of progesterone receptors and 54% of estrogen receptors; these figures were not significantly different from the corresponding incidence of 82% and 26%, respectively, among the initially excised tumors. However, the mean concentration of progesterone receptors in the recurrent tumor group was significantly higher when compared to the concentration in the initially excised group (p < 0.02).
Twenty meningiomas (39%) were considered to be radiation-induced, since they were removed from patients who had received scalp irradiation during childhood. The incidence and concentration of receptors in the radiation-induced tumors were generally comparable to those in the spontaneous meningiomas.
This study confirms previous reports of a high incidence of hormone receptors, mainly for progesterone, in meningiomas. In addition, it shows that in recurrent meningiomas these receptors persist and even increase. The results therefore support hormone treatment for nonresectable meningiomas, especially at recurrence.