The 50 most cited publications in endoscopic third ventriculostomy: a bibliometric analysis

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Although endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for the treatment of hydrocephalus was introduced in 1923, the method was relegated to the sidelines in favor of extracranial techniques. Since the 1990s to the beginning of the current century, however, ETV has undergone a remarkable resurgence to become the first-line treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus, and for some groups, the procedure has been applied for communicating hydrocephalus as well. In the present study, the authors identified the top 50 cited ETV works. These articles represent works of significance that document current practices and provide guidance for future inquiry.


The top 50 cited articles pertaining to ETV were identified using bibliometric data obtained with the Harzing’s Publish or Perish software search engine. These high-impact works were evaluated for publication properties including year, country of authorship, category, and journal.


The top 50 works were cited an average of 141.02 times with a mean of 9.45 citations per year. Articles published in 2005 were the most numerous in the top 50 group. These top articles were most frequently published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. Most of the articles were clinical studies reporting on patients in the pediatric age group. The country of most authorship was the US, although many other countries were among the top 50 works.


The present report discusses the bibliometric analysis of the top 50 ETV articles. This list may be useful to those interested in the progress and current status of this procedure.

ABBREVIATIONS ETV = endoscopic third ventriculostomy.

Article Information

Correspondence Nirmeen Zagzoog: McMaster University, Hamilton General Hospital, Hamilton, ON, Canada.


INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online October 19, 2018; DOI: 10.3171/2018.2.PEDS17354.

Disclosures The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.

© AANS, except where prohibited by US copyright law.



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    Schematic of the search and selection process used to identify the top 50 cited articles on ETV.



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