Women in pediatric neurosurgery

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  • 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Little Rock;
  • | 2 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas;
  • | 3 University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California;
  • | 4 Gender Equity Initiative in Global Surgery, Boston, Massachusetts;
  • | 5 Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru;
  • | 6 Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Caxias do Sul, Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil;
  • | 7 Department of Neurosurgery, Specialized Hospital in Neurosurgery Ali AIT DIR, Algiers, Algeria;
  • | 8 Department of Neurosurgery, Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India;
  • | 9 Department of Neurosurgery, Santa Marcelina Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil;
  • | 10 Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia;
  • | 11 Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children’s Hospital St. Augustin, Sankt Augustin, Germany;
  • | 12 Pediatric Unit of Neurosurgery, Specialized Hospital in Neurosurgery Ali AIT DIR, Algiers, Algeria;
  • | 13 Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil; and
  • | 14 CENEPE Centro de Neurocirurgia Pediátrica (Pediatric Neurosurgical Center), São Paulo, Brazil
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Pediatric neurosurgery is an ever-evolving field, and at the heart of it are talented and hardworking neurosurgeons who harness technology and research to enhance the standard of neurosurgical care for children. Recent studies have found that female neurosurgeons tend to choose a career focused on pediatric neurosurgery more than other subspecialties. However, the achievements and contributions of women in pediatric neurosurgery are not well known. To address this, an international working group of pediatric neurosurgeons was established from the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) Women in Neurosurgery (WINS) group and Pediatric Neurosurgery Committee. The working group reviewed the current literature and collected information through personal communications with the global WINS network. Despite the increasing number of women entering neurosurgical training, the number of female pediatric neurosurgeons is still a mere handful worldwide. In this article, the authors summarize the current status of female pediatric neurosurgeons across the globe, highlighting their achievements as well as the gender bias and challenges that they face at every level of progression of their career. A better organized pediatric neurosurgery workforce, with more female representation and mentorship, would encourage future generations of diverse genders toward a career in this field.

ABBREVIATIONS

EANS = European Association of Neurosurgical Societies; HIC = high-income country; INDSPN = Indian Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery; ISPN = International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery; LMIC = low-middle income country; WFNS = World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies; WINS = Women in Neurosurgery.

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

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