Comparative analysis of cranial vault remodeling versus endoscopic suturectomy in the treatment of unilateral lambdoid craniosynostosis

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  • 1 Program in Global Surgery and Social Change, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts;
  • 2 Department of Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois; and
  • 3 Departments of Neurosurgery and
  • 4 Plastic and Oral Surgery, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
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OBJECTIVE

Unilateral lambdoid synostosis is the premature fusion of a lambdoid suture or sutures and represents the least common form of craniosynostosis, occurring in 1 in 40,000 births. Cranial vault remodeling (CVR) and endoscopic suturectomy with helmet therapy (ES) are surgical approaches that are used to allow for normal brain growth and improved craniofacial symmetry. The authors conducted a comparative outcomes analysis of patients with lambdoid synostosis undergoing either CVR or ES.

METHODS

The authors conducted a retrospective consecutive cohort study of patients with nonsyndromic lambdoid synostosis who underwent surgical correction identified from a single-institution database of patients with craniosynostosis seen between 2000 and 2018. Cranial growth was measured in head circumference percentile and z score.

RESULTS

Nineteen patients (8 female and 11 male) with isolated unilateral lambdoid synostosis were identified (8 right and 11 left). Six underwent CVR and 13 underwent ES. No statistically significant differences were noted between surgical groups with respect to suture laterality, the patient’s sex, and length of follow-up. Patients treated with ES presented and underwent surgery at a younger age than those treated with CVR (p = 0.0002 and p = 0.0001, respectively). Operating and anesthesia time, estimated blood loss, and ICU and total hospital days were significantly lower in ES (all p < 0.05). No significant differences were observed in pre- and postoperative head circumference percentiles or z scores between groups up to 36 months postoperatively. No patients required reoperation as of last follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS

Endoscopic management of lambdoid synostosis is safe, efficient, and efficacious in terms of intraoperative and long-term cranial growth outcomes when compared to CVR. The authors recommend this minimally invasive approach as an option for correction of lambdoid synostosis in patients presenting early in their course.

ABBREVIATIONS CVR = cranial vault remodeling; EBL = estimated blood loss; ES = endoscopic suturectomy with helmet therapy; HCP = head circumference percentile.

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Contributor Notes

Correspondence Abbas Rattani: Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL. abbas_rattani@rush.edu.

INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online April 17, 2020; DOI: 10.3171/2020.2.PEDS19522.

Disclosures The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.

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