Corpus callosotomy has been used as a form of surgical palliation for patients suffering from medically refractory generalized seizures, including drop attacks. Callosotomy has traditionally been described as involving a craniotomy with microdissection. MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRg-LITT) has recently been used as a minimally invasive method for performing surgical ablation of epileptogenic foci and corpus callosotomy. The authors present 3 cases in which MRg-LITT was used to perform a corpus callosotomy as part of a staged surgical procedure for a patient with multiple seizure types and in instances when further ablation of residual corpus callosum is necessary after a prior open surgical procedure. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first case series of corpus callosotomy performed using the MRg-LITT system with a 3.3-year average follow-up. Although MRg-LITT is not expected to replace the traditional corpus callosotomy in all cases, it is a safe, effective, and durable alternative to the traditional open corpus callosotomy, particularly in the setting of a prior craniotomy.
ABBREVIATIONScVEEG = continuous video electroencephalography; MRg-LITT = MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy; OR = operating room.
XuDSChenTHlubekRJBristolRESmithKAPonceFA: Magnetic resonance imaging-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy for the treatment of hypothalamic hamartomas: a retrospective review. Neurosurgery83:1183–11922018