Peer Review Process

Peer review at the JNSPG is unique. Reviews are made consecutively, rather than simultaneously as done at most scientific journals. Most reviews are performed by members of our small Editorial Boards; a small group of ad hoc reviewers provides input on an as-needed basis. The Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor reviews all manuscript submissions and all reviewers’comments before making a final decision.

During an initial screening, some manuscripts are immediately deemed more appropriate for non-JNSPG journals and are returned to the authors with comments from the Editor-in-Chief. Remaining manuscripts are reviewed more extensively by current Editorial Board members, and sometimes specialist reviewers, as selected by the Editor-in-Chief.

Members of the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Neurosurgery, Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, and Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics are selected by a vote undertaken by standing members of each journal’s Editorial Board. Members serve 5 to 8 years, advancing to the position of Chair of their specific Editorial Board in their final year. Editorial Board members usually review 200+ manuscripts per year during their tenure; this number increases to nearly 1000 manuscripts during their final year as Chair.

Neurosurgical Focus peer review is handled a bit differently. Rather than a standing editorial board, specialist topic editors are assigned, based on the monthly topic. The Neurosurgical Focus Editor-in-Chief makes all final decisions after peer review.