History of surgery for cerebrovascular disease in children. Part III. Arteriovenous malformations

Jeffrey P. Blount M.D., R. Shane Tubbs P.A.-C., Ph.D., W. Jerry Oakes M.D. and Robin P. Humphreys M.D. 1
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  • 1 Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham/Children's Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama; and the Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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✓ Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are the most common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage in children. In this paper the authors trace the historical evolution of the recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric intracerebral AVMs, and they summarize the contemporary approach and current controversies surrounding treatment of these lesions. Important distinctions between adult and pediatric AVMs are emphasized.

Abbreviations used in this paper:AVM = arteriovenous malformation; CT = computerized tomography; LINAC = linear accelerator; MR = magnetic resonance; SRS = stereotactic radiosurgery.

✓ Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are the most common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage in children. In this paper the authors trace the historical evolution of the recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric intracerebral AVMs, and they summarize the contemporary approach and current controversies surrounding treatment of these lesions. Important distinctions between adult and pediatric AVMs are emphasized.

Abbreviations used in this paper:AVM = arteriovenous malformation; CT = computerized tomography; LINAC = linear accelerator; MR = magnetic resonance; SRS = stereotactic radiosurgery.

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Contributor Notes

Address reprint requests to: Jeffrey P. Blount, M.D., Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital of Alabama, ACC 400, 1600 Seventh Avenue South, Birmingham, Alabama 35233. email: jeffrey.blount@ccc.uab.edu.

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