An introductory overview of orbital tumors

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  • Departments of Neurosurgery and Ophthalmology, and Division of Neuropathology, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia
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The term “orbital tumors” comprises a wide variety of lesions that often share the same cardinal clinical finding (exophthalmos) and clinical history. Age at presentation, associated ophthalmological findings, and radiological features, however, provide invaluable information as to the possible histological type of tumor. The present article serves as an introductory overview regarding the pathological characteristics, clinical features, radiological characteristics, and principles of treatment of orbital tumors.

Abbreviations used in this paper:AVM = arteriovenous malformation; CT = computerized tomography; MR = magnetic resonance; NF = neurofibromatosis; NF1 = NF Type 1.

The term “orbital tumors” comprises a wide variety of lesions that often share the same cardinal clinical finding (exophthalmos) and clinical history. Age at presentation, associated ophthalmological findings, and radiological features, however, provide invaluable information as to the possible histological type of tumor. The present article serves as an introductory overview regarding the pathological characteristics, clinical features, radiological characteristics, and principles of treatment of orbital tumors.

Abbreviations used in this paper:AVM = arteriovenous malformation; CT = computerized tomography; MR = magnetic resonance; NF = neurofibromatosis; NF1 = NF Type 1.

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Contributor Notes

Address reprint requests to: Giuseppe Lanzino, M.D., Department of Neurosurgery, Box 800212 University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908. email: glanzino@hotmail.com.

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