Journal of Neurosurgery: Case Lessons
Volume 7 (2024): Issue 17 (Apr 2024)
Open access

BACKGROUND

Radicular pain after lumbar decompression surgery can result from epidural hematoma/seroma, recurrent disc herniation, incomplete decompression, or other rare complications. A less recognized complication is postoperative nerve root herniation, resulting from an initially unrecognized intraoperative or, more commonly, a spontaneous postoperative durotomy. Rarely, this nerve root herniation can become entrapped within local structures, including the facet joint. The aim of this study was to illustrate our experience with three cases of lumbosacral nerve root eventration into an adjacent facet joint and to describe our diagnostic and surgical approach to this rare complication.

OBSERVATIONS

Three patients who had undergone lumbar decompression surgery with or without fusion experienced postoperative radiculopathy. Exploratory revision surgery revealed all three had a durotomy with nerve root eventration into the facet joint. Significant symptom improvement was achieved in all patients following liberation of the neural elements from the facet joints.

LESSONS

Entrapment of herniated nerve roots into the facet joint may be a previously underappreciated complication and remains quite challenging to diagnose even with the highest-quality advanced imaging. Thus, clinicians must have a high index of suspicion to diagnose this issue and a low threshold for surgical exploration.

Open access

BACKGROUND

Peripheral neurolymphomatosis (NL) is an often-misdiagnosed condition characterized by lymphomatous infiltration within the peripheral nerves. Its rarity and complexity frequently result in delayed diagnosis and suboptimal patient outcomes. This study aims to elucidate the role of the paraneurium (circumneurium) in NL, emphasizing its diagnostic and therapeutic significance.

OBSERVATIONS

A 72-year-old man presented with lesions on his right lower eyelid. Initial diagnostics were inconclusive until an excisional biopsy confirmed extranodal marginal zone lymphoma. Following a complete metabolic response to rituximab treatment, the patient relapsed 14 months later with progressive lymphoma and bilateral sciatic nerve involvement, as confirmed by positron emission tomography–computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

LESSONS

This paper underscores the critical role of the paraneurium in NL, enhancing understanding of its pathophysiology. Integrating advanced imaging techniques have proved essential in accurately identifying neurolymphomatous involvement within the paraneurium. This study paves the way for more effective management strategies in NL and similar conditions, focusing on improving patient care and outcomes.

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