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Madjid Samii, Matteo M. Migliori, Marcos Tatagiba and Ramesh Babu

✓ A total of 27 patients with trigeminal schwannoma were treated between 1982 and 1992 at the Neurosurgery Department of Nordstadt Hospital. Twelve cases of solitary schwannoma without any family history or physical stigmata of neurofibromatosis were included and form the basis of this study. There were four women and eight men (mean age 44 years) in this series. Duration of symptoms ranged from 2 months to 6 years. The most frequent symptoms were either pain or numbness of the ipsilateral hemiface. The surgical approach was chosen depending on the tumor type. Tumors that belonged to Type A (five cases), which were predominantly in the middle fossa, were approached using a transsylvian method; Type B (one case), which presented predominantly in the cerebellopontine angle, was operated on via a retrosigmoid suboccipital craniectomy; Type C (five cases), which were dumbbell-shaped extending into both the middle and posterior fossa, were removed via a combined temporal craniotomy—presigmoidal method; and in Type D (one case), in which tumor was primarily extracranial with intracranial extension, an infratemporal extradural approach was undertaken. There was no operative mortality or long-term disability in this series. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 60 months; during that time magnetic resonance imaging revealed tumor recurrence in two cases after 12 and 48 months, respectively, and these were excised again. An additional 178 cases collected from the world literature are also reviewed and analyzed.