✓ To determine the value of radiographically assessed response to radiation therapy as a predictor of survival in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the authors studied a cohort of 301 patients who were initially treated according to uniform clinical protocols. All patients had newly diagnosed supratentorial GBM and underwent the maximum safe resection followed by external-beam radiation treatment (60 Gy in standard daily fractions or 70.4 Gy in twice-daily fractions of 160 cGy). The radiation response and survival rates were assessable in 222 patients. The extent of resection and the immediate response to radiation therapy were highly correlated with survival, both in a univariate analysis and after correction for age and Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) score in a multivariate Cox model (p < 0.001 for radiation response and p = 0.04 for extent of resection). A subgroup analysis suggested that neuroimaging obtained within 3 days after surgery served as a better baseline for assessment of radiation response than images obtained later. Imaging obtained within 3 days after completion of a course of radiation therapy also provided valid radiation response scores. The impact of the radiographically assessed radiation response on survival time was comparable to that of age or KPS score. This information is easily obtained early in the course of the disease, may be of value for individual patients, and may also have implications for the design and analysis of trials of adjuvant therapy for GBM, including volume-dependent therapies such as radiosurgery or brachytherapy.
Fred G. Barker II, Michael D. Prados, Susan M. Chang, Philip H. Gutin, Kathleen R. Lamborn, David A. Larson, Mary K. Malec, Michael W. McDermott, Penny K. Sneed, William M. Wara, and Charles B. Wilson
A retrospective analysis of 140 patients treated from 1967 to 1990
Brian J. Goldsmith, William M. Wara, Charles B. Wilson, and David A. Larson
✓ The authors retrospectively analyzed 140 patients treated at the University of California, San Francisco, from 1967 to 1990 to evaluate the results of radiation therapy (median 5400 cGy) given as an adjuvant to subtotal resection of intracranial meningioma. Of the 140 meningiomas, 117 were benign and 23 were malignant. The median follow-up period was 40 months. The overall survival rate at 5 years was 85% for the benign and 58% for the malignant tumor groups (p = 0.02); the 5-year progression-free survival rates were 89% and 48%, respectively (p = 0.001). For patients with benign meningioma, the 10-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 77%. An improved progression-free survival rate in that group was not related to tumor size but was associated with a younger age (p = 0.01) and treatment after 1980 with innovative technologies (p = 0.002); none of those variables affected the progression-free survival rate in the patients with malignant meningioma. Increased progression-free survival in the benign tumor group was also significantly associated with increasing the minimum radiation dose (p = 0.04). The 5-year progression-free survival rate for patients with benign meningioma treated after 1980 (when computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging was used for planning therapy) was 98%, as compared with 77% for patients treated before 1980 (p = 0.002). There were no second central nervous system tumors. Morbidity (3.6%) included sudden blindness or cerebral necrosis and death. When total resection of benign meningioma is not feasible, subtotal resection combined with precise treatment planning techniques and adjuvant radiation therapy can achieve results comparable to those of total resection.