Browse

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for :

  • Craniofacial x
  • Functional Neurosurgery x
  • Refine by Access: all x
Clear All
Open access

Arachnoid bands in hemifacial spasm: an overlooked etiology? Illustrative case

Mariam Al-Mutawa and Henry W. S Schroeder

BACKGROUND

Primary hemifacial spasm (HFS) is usually caused by arterial compression of the facial nerve at the root exit zone at the brainstem. Rarely, a purely venous compression is seen. However, arachnoid bands strangulating the facial nerve have not been recognized as a cause of hemifacial spasm.

OBSERVATIONS

The authors present a case of a 24-year-old female who had experienced HFS for 9 years. Endoscopic inspection of the root exit zone revealed no vascular compression but an arachnoid band strangulating the facial nerve. After cutting the band, the lateral spread response disappeared, and the patient was immediately spasm free after the surgery. Two years later, she was still doing well without any spasms.

LESSONS

This is the third patient in the authors’ series of 535 patients who had no vascular conflict but rather a strangulation of the nerve by arachnoid bands. All patients have remained spasm free. To the authors’ knowledge, no other group has reported arachnoid bands as an etiological factor of HFS so far.

Open access

Radiofrequency thermocoagulation for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia associated with a focal pontine lesion: illustrative case

Vadym Biloshytsky, Anna Skorokhoda, Inna Buvailo, and Maryna Biloshytska

BACKGROUND

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) associated with a focal pontine lesion is a rare but challenging condition. The origin of the lesion, which does not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis, remains disputable. Pain in such conditions is often refractory to treatment, including microvascular decompression.

OBSERVATIONS

A 36-year-old female presented with a 3.5-year history of shooting pain in the right V2 distribution triggered by talking and chewing. She became less responsive to high-dose carbamazepine over time. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed no neurovascular compression but an elongated lesion hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging and T2- fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and hypointense and nonenhancing on T1-magnetization prepared rapid gradient-echo imaging without restricted diffusion, hemorrhage, or supposed malformation along the right pontine trigeminal pathway (PTP). Two other similar lesions were found in the corpus callosum and left thalamus. All lesions were stable compared to MRI data obtained 2 years before. Cerebrospinal fluid contained no oligoclonal bands. Pain attacks ceased with right-sided gasserian radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC), and at the 6-month follow-up, there was no recurrence.

LESSONS

In patients with TN, preoperative neuroimaging should assess for brainstem lesions along the PTP. RFTC can be considered a treatment option in medication-refractory TN associated with a focal pontine lesion.