Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartomas (NCMHs) are benign, slow-growing lesions formed by mesenchymal and cartilaginous components. They occur predominantly in male infants at the nasopharynx and orbit. Rare cases have been reported in adults. Ectopic NCMHs occurring in other head regions without the typical nasopharyngeal or orbital involvement have not been previously described.
The authors presented the case of a 40-year-old woman with a giant mass in the left frontoparietal region that started to enlarge progressively after the patient’s first pregnancy at the age of 21 years. The tumor caused intense headaches, nausea, vomiting, asthenia, and syncope. On admission, the neurological examination revealed no abnormalities. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a solid homogeneous tumor without intraaxial involvement extending inferiorly to the left zygomatic arch, with a significant mass effect on the adjacent bones but no infiltration. Remarkably, digital subtraction angiography demonstrated that the tumor received blood supply from superficial as well as intracranial branches of the left vertebral artery. After tumor resection, histopathological analysis revealed characteristics indistinguishable from an NCMH.
The authors described a rare NCMH of the scalp with intracranial blood supply in an adult patient. A case with similar characteristics had not been reported before.