The optimal treatment for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in newborns has not been established yet. Moreover, despite many valid therapeutic alternatives, unfavorable neurodevelopmental outcomes are frequent. According to recent literature, these discouraging results could be related to secondary inflammatory damage of the white matter due to the gradual dissolution of the intraventricular hematoma, which should be removed.
Neuroendoscopic lavage (NEL) has proven to be a safe and reliable procedure, able to adequately remove the intraventricular clots and the products of blood degradation. To increase surgical control of the entire ventricular system, the authors illustrated a case in which they associated real-time transfontanellar ultrasound monitoring with NEL.
Coupling these two techniques, the authors performed a rapid ventricular wash and obtained intraoperative confirmation of complete and accurate clot removal.