De novo pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare complication of extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery.
The authors report the case of a 28-year-old male who presented with new-onset right temporal and occipital ischemia who was found to have bilateral proximal internal carotid artery occlusion with collateral vasculature formation consistent with moyamoya disease. The patient underwent bilateral superficial temporal artery–middle cerebral artery bypasses. A de novo pseudoaneurysm was found at the left-sided bypass distal anastomotic site recipient vessel 1 month after the surgery. The pseudoaneurysm demonstrated a progressive reduction in size and eventual complete involution at 6 months after surgery.
Limited literature reports extracranial-intracranial bypass-associated aneurysms treated primarily with either clipping or resection and reanastomosis. The authors demonstrate, for the first time, a progressively benign natural history course of an extracranial-intracranial bypass distal anastomotic site pseudoaneurysm.