Sacrectomy carries significant risk of bleeding; however, specific risk factors, apart from medical comorbidities and tumor type, for this life-threatening complication remain unclear. This study describes two cases of massive bleeding, including one death during sacrectomy attributable to adherence of the internal iliac vein (IIV) and its neuroforaminal tributaries from sacral insufficiency fractures.
The authors presented two cases involving patients who received sacrectomy for a chordoma and experienced massive bleeding from the IIV due to adherence of the IIV and its neuroforaminal tributaries around sacral insufficiency fractures. They assessed their institution’s previous two decades’ experience of sacrectomies to determine risk factors for massive bleeding and performed anatomical dissection of 20 hemipelvises, which revealed the close proximity of the IIV to the sacral foraminae and the consistency of neuroforaminal tributaries arising from the foraminae.
Sacral insufficiency fractures may cause scarring that adheres to the IIV and its neuroforaminal tributaries, which risks massive bleeding during sacrectomy.