The end of the first 100 years of any endeavor is an appropriate time to look back and peer forward. As neurosurgery celebrates its 1st century as a specialty, the increasing role of women neurosurgeons is a major theme. This article documents the early women pioneers in neurosurgery. The contributions of these trailblazers to the origins, academics, and professional organizations of neurosurgery are highlighted. The formation of Women in Neurosurgery in 1989 is described, as is the important role this organization has played in introducing and promoting talented women in the profession. Contributions of women neurosurgeons to academic medicine and society as a whole are briefly highlighted. Contemporary efforts and initiatives indicate future directions in which women may lead neurosurgery in its 2nd century.
ABBREVIATIONSAANS = American Association of Neurological Surgeons; ABNS = American Board of Neurological Surgery; AMA = American Medical Association; CNS = Congress of Neurological Surgeons; SNS = Society of Neurological Surgeons; WINS = Women in Neurosurgery.
Correspondence Jacquelyn Corley: Duke University Hospital, Durham, NC. firstname.lastname@example.org.INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online February 14, 2020; DOI: 10.3171/2019.12.JNS192878.Disclosures Dr. Sweet is on the Scientific Advisory Board for Koh Young, Inc.