Arteriovenous malformation in the trigeminal nerve

Case report

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  • 1 Departments of Neurologic Surgery and Diagnostic Neuroradiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
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✓ The authors report on an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) within the trigeminal nerve in an otherwise healthy 76-year-old man who presented with the sudden onset of headache and ataxia. The AVM was totally resected via a lateral sub-occipital approach to the cerebellopontine angle. Dural arteriovenous fistulas and AVMs of the dorsal root entry zone and adjacent brainstem that compress the trigeminal nerve have been previously described. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of an angiographically, surgically, and pathologically proven AVM arising from within the trigeminal nerve itself.

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