Intraoperative ultrasound arteriography with the “Coded Harmonic Angio” technique

Report of three cases

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✓ The result of combining the ultrasound Coded Excitation method and an ultrasound contrast agent (UCA), the Coded Harmonic Angio (CHA) technique provides arterial images with exceptional spatial, temporal, and contrast resolution that are comparable to those produced by conventional digital subtraction angiography. The authors report on their experience with intraoperative ultrasound arteriography performed using the transdural CHA technique in three patients: one harboring a meningioma, another with a middle cerebral artery aneurysm, and a third with an arteriovenous malformation. The present study demonstrates how intraoperative cerebral ultrasound arteriography can be applied to assess the adequacy of neurovascular procedures without the presence of an experienced operator.

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Contributor Notes

Address reprint requests to: Hideo Otsuki, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka National Hospital, 2–1–14, Houenzaka Chuouku, Osaka 540–0006, Japan. email: hotsuki@onh.go.jp.

© AANS, except where prohibited by US copyright law.

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