Progression of multiple cryptic vascular malformations associated with anomalous venous drainage

Case report

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✓ The case of a young girl with a pericallosal venous malformation associated with multiple cryptic vascular malformations (CVM's) is described. The presenting cryptic malformation, which hemorrhaged, was completely excised, but the venous malformation was not. Routine follow-up magnetic resonance images obtained over the past 9 years have documented the development of multiple new cryptic malformations along the radicles of the venous malformation. Magnetic resonance imaging and cerebral angiography revealed venous outflow obstruction at the junction of the venous malformation with the straight sinus. The association of CVM's with anomalous venous drainage patterns and the role of venous hypertension in the pathogenesis of cryptic malformations are discussed. This case suggests that CVM's associated with a venous malformation may recur and new ones may develop if the venous malformation is not excised, particularly if venous hypertension is also present. The likelihood of a surgical cure in these patients may depend on complete excision of both anomalies, which is rarely feasible because of the potentially devastating results of resecting a venous malformation. Alternative treatments for patients with both types of lesions are discussed.

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Contributor Notes

Address reprint requests to: Michael S. B. Edwards, M.D., Department of Neurological Surgery, c/o The Editorial Office, 1360 Ninth Avenue, Suite 210, San Francisco, California 94122.

© AANS, except where prohibited by US copyright law.

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