Cavernous sinus fistula caused by intracavernous rupture of a persistent primitive trigeminal artery

Case report

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  • 1 Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California
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✓ A persistent carotid-basilar anastomosis (primitive trigeminal artery), identified by four-vessel vertebral angiography, was shown to be the cause of a cavernous sinus fistula in a 51-year-old woman. The fistula, but not the primitive artery, was identified on a carotid arteriogram. Because of the flow contribution from the posterior circulation, balloon embolization via the carotid system failed, and the fistula was repaired through a direct surgical approach. The operative technique is described and the hemodynamic aspects of a cavernous sinus fistula that is related to this primitive anastomosis are reviewed.

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