The first human stereotaxic apparatus

The contribution of Aubrey Mussen to the field of stereotaxis

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✓ The first human stereotaxic apparatus was probably built in London, England, around 1918 to the specifications of Aubrey Mussen, a neuroanatomist and neurophysiologist who had worked with Clarke. The recent acquisition by the Montreal Neurological Institute of Mussen's original apparatus prompts this report on the salient points of his career, and summary of his early contributions to stereotaxy.

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Address reprint requests to: Andre Olivier, M.D., Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University Street, Suite 107, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada.

© AANS, except where prohibited by US copyright law.

Figures

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    Aubrey T. Mussen, neuroanatomist and neurophysiologist.

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    The first human stereotaxic apparatus, designed by Mussen and built about 1918.

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    Apparatus designed for electrode stimulation of brain structures in animal experiments.

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