Surgical Treatment of Vertebral Artery Insufficiency Caused by Cervical Spondylosis

Chikao Nagashima Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tokyo, School of Medicine, and the Department of Neurosurgery, Moro General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

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  • 1.

    Bakay, L., and & Leslie, E. V. Surgical treatment of vertebral artery insufficiency caused by cervical spondylosis. J. Neurosurg., 1965, 23:596602.Bakay, L., and Leslie, E. V. Surgical treatment of vertebral artery insufficiency caused by cervical spondylosis. J. Neurosurg., 1965, 23:596–602.

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  • 2.

    Barré, M. Sur un syndrome sympathique cervical posterieur et sa cause frequent; l'arthrite cervical. Rev. neurol., 1926, 33:1246. (cit. Stewart, D.Y. See ref. 22.) Barré, M. Sur un syndrome sympathique cervical posterieur et sa cause frequent; l'arthrite cervical. Rev. neurol., 1926, 33:1246. (cit. Stewart, D.Y. See ref. 22.)

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  • 3.

    Boreadis, A. G., and & Gershon-Cohen, J. Luschka joints of the cervical spine. Radiology, 1956, 66:181187.Boreadis, A. G., and Gershon-Cohen, J. Luschka joints of the cervical spine. Radiology, 1956, 66:181–187.

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    Burrows, E. H., and & Marshall, J. Angiographic investigation of patients with transient ischaemic attacks. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat., 1965, 28:533539.Burrows, E. H., and Marshall, J. Angiographic investigation of patients with transient ischaemic attacks. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat., 1965, 28:533–539.

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    Cawthorne, T. Positional nystagmus. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Lar., 1954, 63:481490.Cawthorne, T. Positional nystagmus. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Lar., 1954, 63:481–490.

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    Dix, M. R., and & Hallpike, C. S. The pathology, symptomatology and diagnosis of certain common disorders of the vestibular system. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Lar., 1951, 61:9871016.Dix, M. R., and Hallpike, C. S. The pathology, symptomatology and diagnosis of certain common disorders of the vestibular system. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Lar., 1951, 61:987–1016.

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    Frykholm, R. Lower cervical vertebrae and intervertebral discs. Surgical anatomy and pathology. Acta chir. scand., 1951, 101:345359.Frykholm, R. Lower cervical vertebrae and intervertebral discs. Surgical anatomy and pathology. Acta chir. scand., 1951, 101:345–359.

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  • 8.

    Galera, R., and & Tovi, D. Anterior disc excision with interbody fusion in cervical spondylotic myelopathy and rhyzopathy. J. Neurosurg., 1968, 28:305310.Galera, R., and Tovi, D. Anterior disc excision with interbody fusion in cervical spondylotic myelopathy and rhyzopathy. J. Neurosurg., 1968, 28:305–310.

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  • 9.

    Gortvai, P. Insufficiency of vertebral artery treated by decompression of its cervical part. Brit. Med. J., 1964, 2:233234.Gortvai, P. Insufficiency of vertebral artery treated by decompression of its cervical part. Brit. Med. J., 1964, 2:233–234.

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  • 10.

    Gould, P. L., , Peyton, W. T., and & French, L. A. Vertebral angiography by retrograde injection of the brachial artery. J. Neurosurg., 1955, 12:369374.Gould, P. L., Peyton, W. T., and French, L. A. Vertebral angiography by retrograde injection of the brachial artery. J. Neurosurg., 1955, 12:369–374.

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  • 11.

    Hadley, L. A. The covertebral articulations and cervical foramen encroachment. J. Bone Jt. Surg., 1957, 39-A:910920.Hadley, L. A. The covertebral articulations and cervical foramen encroachment. J. Bone Jt. Surg., 1957, 39-A:910–920.

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  • 12.

    Hardin, C. A. Vertebral artery insufficiency produced by cervical osteoarthritic spurs. Archs Surg., Chicago, 1965, 90:629633.Hardin, C. A. Vertebral artery insufficiency produced by cervical osteoarthritic spurs. Archs Surg., Chicago, 1965, 90:629–633.

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  • 13.

    Hardin, C. A., , Williamson, W. P., and & Steegmann, A. T. Vertebral artery insufficiency produced by cervical osteoarthritic spurs. Neurology, Minneap., 1960, 10:855858.Hardin, C. A., Williamson, W. P., and Steegmann, A. T. Vertebral artery insufficiency produced by cervical osteoarthritic spurs. Neurology, Minneap., 1960, 10:855–858.

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  • 14.

    Hutchinson, E. C., and & Yates, P. O. The cervical portion of the vertebral artery. Brain, 1956, 79:319331.Hutchinson, E. C., and Yates, P. O. The cervical portion of the vertebral artery. Brain, 1956, 79:319–331.

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  • 15.

    Keggi, K. J., , Granger, D. P., and & Southwick, W. O. Vertebral artery insufficiency secondary to trauma and osteoarthritis of cervical spine. Yale J. Biol. Med., 1966, 38:471478.Keggi, K. J., Granger, D. P., and Southwick, W. O. Vertebral artery insufficiency secondary to trauma and osteoarthritis of cervical spine. Yale J. Biol. Med., 1966, 38:471–478.

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  • 16.

    Millikan, C. H., and & Siekert, R. G. Studies in cerebrovascular disease. I. The syndrome of intermittent insufficiency of the basilar arterial system. Proc. Staff. Meet. Mayo Clin., 1955, 30:6168.Millikan, C. H., and Siekert, R. G. Studies in cerebrovascular disease. I. The syndrome of intermittent insufficiency of the basilar arterial system. Proc. Staff. Meet. Mayo Clin., 1955, 30:61–68.

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  • 17.

    Nagashima, C., , Sakata, E., and & Iwama, K. Electrical stimulation of the vertebral nerve and the stellate ganglion. (In preparation.) Nagashima, C., Sakata, E., and Iwama, K. Electrical stimulation of the vertebral nerve and the stellate ganglion. (In preparation.)

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  • 18.

    Orofino, C., , Sherman, M. S., and & Schechter, D. Luschka's joint a degenerative phenomenon. J. Bone Jt. Surg., 1960, 42-A:853858.Orofino, C., Sherman, M. S., and Schechter, D. Luschka's joint a degenerative phenomenon. J. Bone Jt. Surg., 1960, 42-A:853–858.

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  • 19.

    Powers, S. R., Jr., , Drislane, T. M., and & Nevins, S. Intermittent vertebral artery compression: a new syndrome. Surgery, St. Louis, 1961, 49:257264.Powers, S. R., Jr., Drislane, T. M., and Nevins, S. Intermittent vertebral artery compression: a new syndrome. Surgery, St. Louis, 1961, 49:257–264.

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  • 20.

    Riley, L. H., Jr., , Robinson, R. A., , Johnson, K. A., and & Walker, A. E. The results of anterior interbody fusion of cervical spine. Review of ninety three consecutive cases. J. Neurosurg., 1969, 30:127133.Riley, L. H., Jr., Robinson, R. A., Johnson, K. A., and Walker, A. E. The results of anterior interbody fusion of cervical spine. Review of ninety three consecutive cases. J. Neurosurg., 1969, 30:127–133.

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  • 21.

    Sheehan, S., , Bauer, R. B., and & Meyer, J. S. Vertebral artery compression in cervical spondylosis. Neurology, Minneap., 1960, 10:968986.Sheehan, S., Bauer, R. B., and Meyer, J. S. Vertebral artery compression in cervical spondylosis. Neurology, Minneap., 1960, 10:968–986.

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  • 22.

    Stewart, D. Y. Current concepts of the “Barré syndrome” or the “posterior cervical sympathetic syndrome.” Clin. Orthop., 1962, 24:4048.Stewart, D. Y. Current concepts of the “Barré syndrome” or the “posterior cervical sympathetic syndrome.” Clin. Orthop., 1962, 24:40–48.

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    Stein, B. M., , McCormick, W. F., , Rodriguez, J. N., and & Taveras, J. M. Postmortem angiography of cerebral vascular system. Arch. Neurology, 1962, 7:545558.Stein, B. M., McCormick, W. F., Rodriguez, J. N., and Taveras, J. M. Postmortem angiography of cerebral vascular system. Arch. Neurology, 1962, 7:545–558.

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    Stenger, H. H. Ueber Lagenystagmus unter den besonderen Beruecksichtigung der gegenlaefigen transitorischen Provokation-nystagmus bei Lagewechsel in der Sagittalebene. Arch Ohren-Nasen-Kehlkopfh., 1955, 168:220268.Stenger, H. H. Ueber Lagenystagmus unter den besonderen Beruecksichtigung der gegenlaefigen transitorischen Provokation-nystagmus bei Lagewechsel in der Sagittalebene. Arch Ohren-Nasen-Kehlkopfh., 1955, 168:220–268.

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  • 25.

    Virtama, P., and & Kivalo, E. Impressions of the vertebral artery by deformation of the unco-vertebral joints. Postmortem angiographic studies. Acta radiol., 1957, 48:410412.Virtama, P., and Kivalo, E. Impressions of the vertebral artery by deformation of the unco-vertebral joints. Postmortem angiographic studies. Acta radiol., 1957, 48:410–412.

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