Initial Experience with the Hakim Valve for Ventriculovenous Shunt

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  • 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
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  • 1.

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  • 2.

    Carrington, K. W. Ventriculo-venous shunt using the Holter valve as a treatment of hydrocephalus. J. Mich. St. med. Soc., 1959, 58:373376, 383.Carrington, K. W. Ventriculo-venous shunt using the Holter valve as a treatment of hydrocephalus. J. Mich. St. med. Soc., 1959, 58:373–376, 383.

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  • 3.

    Cohen, S. J., and & Callaghan, R. P. A syndrome due to the bacterial colonization of Spitz-Holter valves. A review of five cases. Br. med. J., 1961, 2:677680.Cohen, S. J., and Callaghan, R. P. A syndrome due to the bacterial colonization of Spitz-Holter valves. A review of five cases. Br. med. J., 1961, 2:677–680.

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    Elkins, C. W., and & Fonseca, J. E. Ventriculovenous anastomosis in obstructive and acquired communicating hydrocephalus. J. Neurosurg., 1961, 18:139144.Elkins, C. W., and Fonseca, J. E. Ventriculovenous anastomosis in obstructive and acquired communicating hydrocephalus. J. Neurosurg., 1961, 18:139–144.

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  • 6.

    Foltz, E. L. The first seven years of a hydrocephalus project. In: Workshop in hydrocephalus, Shulman, K., Ed., Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1966. (See pp. 79114.)Foltz, E. L. The first seven years of a hydrocephalus project. In: Workshop in hydrocephalus, Shulman, K., Ed., Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1966. (See pp. 79–114.)

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  • 7.

    Foltz, E. L., and & Shurtleff, D. B. Five-year comparative study of hydrocephalus in children with and without operation (113 cases). J. Neurosurg., 1963, 20:10641079.Foltz, E. L., and Shurtleff, D. B. Five-year comparative study of hydrocephalus in children with and without operation (113 cases). J. Neurosurg., 1963, 20:1064–1079.

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  • 8.

    Hakim, S. Algunas observaciones sobre la presion del L. C. R. sindrome hydrocefalico en el adulto con presion normal del L. C. R. (Prestation de un nuevo sindrome). Tesis de grado. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Javeriana. Bogota, Colombia, S. A., May 1964.Hakim, S. Algunas observaciones sobre la presion del L. C. R. sindrome hydrocefalico en el adulto con presion normal del L. C. R. (Prestation de un nuevo sindrome). Tesis de grado. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Javeriana. Bogota, Colombia, S. A., May 1964.

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  • 9.

    Hakim, S., and & Adams, R. D. The special clinical problem of symptomatic hydrocephalus with normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure: Observations on cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. J. Neurol. Sci., 1965, 2:307327.Hakim, S., and Adams, R. D. The special clinical problem of symptomatic hydrocephalus with normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure: Observations on cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. J. Neurol. Sci., 1965, 2:307–327.

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  • 10.

    Hakim, S., , Zuluaga, A., and & Cabrera, O. Derivacion ventriculo-atrial para el tratamiento de la hidrocefalia, por medio de lo valvula de Hakim. Tesis de grado. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Javeriana. Bogota, Colombia, S. A., Septiembre, 1964.Hakim, S., Zuluaga, A., and Cabrera, O. Derivacion ventriculo-atrial para el tratamiento de la hidrocefalia, por medio de lo valvula de Hakim. Tesis de grado. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Javeriana. Bogota, Colombia, S. A., Septiembre, 1964.

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  • 11.

    Hakim, S. Personal communication. Hakim, S. Personal communication.

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    MacNab, G. H. Hydrocephalus in infancy. In: Surgical progress, Carling, E. R., and & Ross. J. P., Eds. , London: Butterworth's, 1961. (See vol. 2, pp. 98128.)MacNab, G. H. Hydrocephalus in infancy. In: Surgical progress, Carling, E. R., and Ross. J. P., Eds., London: Butterworth's, 1961. (See vol. 2, pp. 98–128.)

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  • 13.

    Noonan, J. A., and & Ehmke, D. A. Complications of ventriculovenous shunts for control of hydrocephalus. Report of three cases with thromboemboli to the lungs. New Engl. J. Med., 1963, 269:7074.Noonan, J. A., and Ehmke, D. A. Complications of ventriculovenous shunts for control of hydrocephalus. Report of three cases with thromboemboli to the lungs. New Engl. J. Med., 1963, 269:70–74.

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  • 14.

    Nugent, G. R., , Lucas, R., , Judy, M., , Bloor, B. M., and & Warden, H. Thromboembolic complications of ventriculo-atrial shunts. Angiocardiographic and pathologic correlations. J. Neurosurg., 1966, 24:3442.Nugent, G. R., Lucas, R., Judy, M., Bloor, B. M., and Warden, H. Thromboembolic complications of ventriculo-atrial shunts. Angiocardiographic and pathologic correlations. J. Neurosurg., 1966, 24:34–42.

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  • 15.

    Nulsen, F. E. The regulation of hydrocephalus by ventriculo-caval shunt. 2nd Int. Congr. Neurol. Surg. (Washington, D. C.). Excerpta med., 1961, No. 36, E40–E41. Nulsen, F. E. The regulation of hydrocephalus by ventriculo-caval shunt. 2nd Int. Congr. Neurol. Surg. (Washington, D. C.). Excerpta med., 1961, No. 36, E40–E41.

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  • 16.

    Nulsen, F. E., and & Becker, D. P. The control of progressive hydrocephalus in infancy by valveregulated venous shunt. In: Workshop in hydrocephalus, Shulman, K., Ed. , Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1966. (See pp. 115150.)Nulsen, F. E., and Becker, D. P. The control of progressive hydrocephalus in infancy by valveregulated venous shunt. In: Workshop in hydrocephalus, Shulman, K., Ed., Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1966. (See pp. 115–150.)

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  • 17.

    Nulsen, F. E., and & Spitz, E. B. Treatment of hydrocephalus by direct shunt from ventricle to jugular vein. Surg. Forum, 1952, 2:399403.Nulsen, F. E., and Spitz, E. B. Treatment of hydrocephalus by direct shunt from ventricle to jugular vein. Surg. Forum, 1952, 2:399–403.

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  • 18.

    Overton, M. C., and & Snodgrass, S. R. Ventriculo-venous shunts for infantile hydrocephalus. A review of five years experience with this method. J. Neurosurg., 1965, 23:517521.Overton, M. C., and Snodgrass, S. R. Ventriculo-venous shunts for infantile hydrocephalus. A review of five years experience with this method. J. Neurosurg., 1965, 23:517–521.

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  • 19.

    Pudenz, R. H. Experimental and clinical observations on the shunting of cerebrospinal fluid into the circulatory system. Clin. Neurosurg., 1958, 5:98115.Pudenz, R. H. Experimental and clinical observations on the shunting of cerebrospinal fluid into the circulatory system. Clin. Neurosurg., 1958, 5:98–115.

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  • 20.

    Pudenz, R. H. The ventriculo-atrial shunt. J. Neurosurg., 1966, 25:602608.Pudenz, R. H. The ventriculo-atrial shunt. J. Neurosurg., 1966, 25:602–608.

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  • 21.

    Pudenz, R. H., , Russell, F. E., , Hurd, A. H., and & Shelden, C. H. Ventriculo-auriculostomy. A technique for shunting cerebrospinal fluid into the right auricle. Preliminary report. J. Neurosurg., 1957, 14:171179.Pudenz, R. H., Russell, F. E., Hurd, A. H., and Shelden, C. H. Ventriculo-auriculostomy. A technique for shunting cerebrospinal fluid into the right auricle. Preliminary report. J. Neurosurg., 1957, 14:171–179.

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  • 22.

    Russell, J. R. The Holter valve in the treatment of hydrocephalus. J. Indiana St. med. Ass., 1962, 55:308311.Russell, J. R. The Holter valve in the treatment of hydrocephalus. J. Indiana St. med. Ass., 1962, 55:308–311.

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  • 23.

    Sayers, M. P. , , in discussion on Nulsen, F. E., and & Becker, D. P. The control of progressive hydrocephalus in infancy by valve-regulated venous shunt. In: Workshop in hydrocephalus, Shulman, K., Ed. , Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania, 1966. (See pp. 144145.)Sayers, M. P., in discussion on Nulsen, F. E., and Becker, D. P. The control of progressive hydrocephalus in infancy by valve-regulated venous shunt. In: Workshop in hydrocephalus, Shulman, K., Ed., Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania, 1966. (See pp. 144–145.)

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  • 24.

    Scarff, J. E. Treatment of hydrocephalus: an historical and critical review of methods and results. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat., 1963, 26:126.Scarff, J. E. Treatment of hydrocephalus: an historical and critical review of methods and results. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat., 1963, 26:1–26.

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  • 25.

    Schimke, R. T., , Black, P. H., , Mark, V. H., and & Swartz, M. N. Indolent staphylococcus albus or aureus bacteremia after ventriculoatriostomy. Role of foreign body in its initiation and perpetuation. New Engl. J. Med., 1961, 264:264270.Schimke, R. T., Black, P. H., Mark, V. H., and Swartz, M. N. Indolent staphylococcus albus or aureus bacteremia after ventriculoatriostomy. Role of foreign body in its initiation and perpetuation. New Engl. J. Med., 1961, 264:264–270.

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  • 26.

    Strenger, L. Complications of ventriculovenous shunts. J. Neurosurg., 1963, 20:219224.Strenger, L. Complications of ventriculovenous shunts. J. Neurosurg., 1963, 20:219–224.

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  • 27.

    Talner, N. S., , Liu, H. Y., , Oberman, H. A., and & Schmidt, R. W. Thromboembolism complicating Holter valve shunt. A clinico-pathologic study of four patients treated with this procedure for hydrocephalus. Am. J. Dis. Child., 1961, 101:602609.Talner, N. S., Liu, H. Y., Oberman, H. A., and Schmidt, R. W. Thromboembolism complicating Holter valve shunt. A clinico-pathologic study of four patients treated with this procedure for hydrocephalus. Am. J. Dis. Child., 1961, 101:602–609.

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  • 28.

    Yashon, D., and & Sugar, O. Today's problems in hydrocephalus. Archs Dis. Childh., 1964, 39:5860.Yashon, D., and Sugar, O. Today's problems in hydrocephalus. Archs Dis. Childh., 1964, 39:58–60.

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