Retrograde Carotid Catheterization for Arteriography

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Figures

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    Normal cervieothoracie view. Catheter enters the common carotid artery below its bifureation (upper arrow). Tip of catherter (lower arrow) lies just inside carotid orifece.

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    Normal lateral view of head, showing simultaneous filling of earotid and vertebral systems.

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    Special equipment used: Seldinger-Stille cannula needle, wire guide, polyethylene tubing made up with adapter and connecting tube.

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    Stenosis of vertebral artery at its origin from the subclavian artery. Note post-stenotic dilatation.

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    Stenosis of cervical portion of vertebral artery.

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    Widespread formation of plaques in branches of the vertebral artery as well as those of the carotid artery. Note especially the severe stenosis in the posterior cerebral artery.

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    Severe stenosis of basilar artery. Patient had symptoms of marked cerebellar insufficiency.

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    Anomalous origin of carotid arteries. They arise from a common trunk. Subclavian arteries on both sides arise independently.

References

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