Letter to the Editor. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: is 1-year follow-up enough?

Fabio TorregrossaUniversity of Palermo, Italy

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Giovanni GrassoUniversity of Palermo, Italy

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Illustration from Xu et al. (pp 1418–1430). With permission from Juan Carlos Fernandez-Miranda and The Neurosurgical Atlas by Aaron Cohen-Gadol.

  • 1

    Williams MA, Nagel SJ, Golomb J, et al. Safety and effectiveness of the assessment and treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus in the Adult Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network. J Neurosurg. Published online March 11, 2022.doi: 10.3171/2022.1.JNS212782

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  • 2

    Grasso G, Torregrossa F, Leone L, Frisella A, Landi A. Long-term efficacy of shunt therapy in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. World Neurosurg. 2019;129:e458e463.

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  • 3

    Folstein MF, Robins LN, Helzer JE. The Mini-Mental State Examination. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1983;40(7):812.

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    Kiefer M, Eymann R, Steudel WI. Outcome predictors for normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2006;96(364):367.

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    Mori E, Ishikawa M, Kato T, et al. Guidelines for management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus:. second edition. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2012;52(11):775809.

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    Hakim S, Adams RD. The special clinical problem of symptomatic hydrocephalus with normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Observations on cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics. J Neurol Sci. 1965;2(4):307327.

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    Jeppsson A, Zetterberg H, Blennow K, Wikkelso C. Idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus: pathophysiology and diagnosis by CSF biomarkers. Neurology. 2013;80(15):13851392.

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    Grasso G. Letter: Cerebrospinal fluid shunting improves long-term quality of life in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2020;87(3):E432E433.

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  • 1

    Grasso G, Torregrossa F, Leone L, Frisella A, Landi A. Long-term efficacy of shunt therapy in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. World Neurosurg. 2019;129:e458e463.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

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