Harvey Cushing’s international visitors

Eric Suero Molina PD Dr med, MBA1, Michael P. Catalino MD, MSc2,3, and Edward R. Laws MD2
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  • 1 Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Münster, Germany;
  • | 2 Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; and
  • | 3 Department of Neurosurgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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Harvey Cushing is considered the father of neurosurgery, not just for his work within the United States, but also for his global influence through international visitors and trainees. Starting in 1920, the neurosurgical clinic at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, led by Cushing, trained surgeons from all over the globe, many of whom returned home to establish neurosurgical departments and become neurosurgical pioneers themselves. The objective of this vignette is to highlight the importance of Cushing’s international trainees, describe their contributions, and discuss how each had an impact on the development of the practice of neurosurgery worldwide. The authors demonstrate how Cushing provided the impetus for a movement that revolutionized neurology and neurosurgery worldwide. Even today, international cooperation continues to shape the success of our delicate specialty.

ABBREVIATIONS

PBBH = Peter Bent Brigham Hospital; WWI = World War I.
Illustrations from Marx and Schroeder (pp 318–326). Copyright Henry W. S. Schroeder. Published with permission.

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Contributor Notes

Correspondence Eric Suero Molina: University Hospital of Münster, Germany. eric.suero@ukmuenster.de.

INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online August 21, 2020; DOI: 10.3171/2020.5.JNS193386.

Disclosures The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.

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