The goal of this study was to demonstrate feasibility and evaluate technical aspects of early endovascular access through extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass grafts.
Patients undergoing endovascular interventions through the graft in the acute postoperative period following EC-IC bypass are presented. Results, complications, and technical nuances are reviewed.
Fourteen endovascular procedures were performed in 5 patients after EC-IC bypass for ruptured aneurysms in 4 patients and posterior circulation ischemia in 1 patient. In 2 patients, a saphenous vein graft (SVG) was used to bypass the common carotid artery (CCA) to the middle cerebral artery (MCA). One patient underwent a superficial temporal artery (STA)–MCA bypass, and in 2 other patients the STA stump was connected to the intracranial circulation via an interposition SVG. The interval from surgery to endovascular intervention spanned 2–18 days; the indication was intracranial vasospasm in all patients. One case involved angioplasty of the proximal anastomosis on postoperative Day 14. All other interventions entailed proximal access through the bypass conduit for intraarterial infusion of vasodilators. Significant vasospasm of the STA itself was encountered in 2 patients during endovascular manipulation, and it was treated with intraarterial nitroglycerin. There were no cases of anastomotic disruption.
Endovascular catheterization and intervention involving a recent EC-IC bypass is feasible. The main limitation in this series was catheter-induced vasospasm involving the STA. A vein graft may be the more appropriate option in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who may require subsequent endovascular intervention for vasospasm.
Abbreviations used in this paper: CCA = common carotid artery; EC-IC = extracranial-intracranial; ECA = external carotid artery; ICA = internal carotid artery; MCA = middle cerebral artery; OA = occipital artery; PCA = posterior cerebral artery; PICA = posterior inferior cerebellar artery; RA = radial artery; SAH = subarachnoid hemorrhage; STA = superficial temporal artery; SVG = saphenous vein graft; VA = vertebral artery.
Address correspondence to: Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, M.D., Department of Neurosurgery, Room 451N, Neuropsychiatric Institute, MC-799, University of Illinois at Chicago, 912 South Wood Street, Chicago, Illinois 60612. email: email@example.com.
Please include this information when citing this paper: published online September 23, 2011; DOI: 10.3171/2011.8.JNS11747.
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