Authors:Philine Behrens, Anna Tietze, Elisabeth Walch, Petra Bittigau, Christoph Bührer, Matthias Schulz, Annette Aigner and Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale
A neurodevelopmental outcome analysis and brain volumetry study was performed in children who underwent neuroendoscopic lavage due to hydrocephalus after interventricular hemorrhage in the neonatal period. This is the first outcome analysis for a cohort of patients who underwent neuroendoscopic lavage for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in neonates.
In this study the authors aimed to ascertain whether insular resection results in cognitive or developmental decline after epilepsy surgery in children with focal cortical dysplasia. Insular epilepsy surgery did not carry a significant reduction in intellectual/developmental quotient. This study provides additional evidence on cognitive and developmental risks in pediatric epilepsy surgery involving the insula.
Authors:Darryl Lau, Alexander F. Haddad, Vedat Deviren and Christopher P. Ames
In a large cohort of patients with adult spinal deformity, the authors assessed the use of asymmetrical pedicle subtraction osteotomy (APSO) in patients with concurrent sagittal-coronal deformity, whose outcomes were compared with those for patients with isolated sagittal deformity treated with standard PSO. With APSO the neurosurgeons were readily able to restore sagittal and coronal balance, and the risks associated with APSO were lower than those for traditional approaches (vertebral body resection) and similar to those for standard PSO.
Authors:Nicolai Maldaner, Marketa Sosnova, Anna M. Zeitlberger, Michal Ziga, Oliver P. Gautschi, Luca Regli, Astrid Weyerbrock, Martin N. Stienen and for the International 6WT Study Group
The authors set out to examine the psychometric properties of a recently developed app-based 6-minute walking test (6WT) to determine objective functional impairment in patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease. They found that 6WT self-measurements are a convenient, reliable, and valid way to determine objective functional impairment. App-based standardized objective outcome measures offer great potential for the digital evaluation and serial monitoring of spine patients.
In this conversation, Drs. Chencheng Zhang (Shanghai Jiao Tong University) and G. Rees Cosgrove (Harvard Medical School) will discuss Dr. Zhang and colleagues’ paper, "Habenula deep brain stimulation for intractable schizophrenia: a pilot study” published in the July 2020 issue of Neurosurgical Focus. Moderated by Dr. Kendall Lee (Mayo Clinic) and Drs. William Couldwell and Aaron Cohen-Gadol (EIC and Associate Editor, Neurosurgical Focus).